Scottish names for plants

Scots unless otherwise stated

Juniper – Aitken

Marsh Marigold – Water Golland/Gowland – S Scot, Wildfire - Kbt

Globe flower – Lockin/ Lapper Gowan, Witches’ Gowan, Locker Gowlan, Cabbage daisy

Wood Anemone – Wild jessamine – Dfs, Nemony, Darn Grass

Buttercup (generic) –Yellow Gollan – S Scot

Creeping buttercup – Sitfast – Dfs, Crawfeet

Yellow Water-lily – Bobbins,

Lesser spearwort – Goose-tongue, Wildfire

Water crowfoot – Riat

Lesser celandine – Foal-foot

Barberry – Berber

Field Poppy – Cock’s head

Charlock – Runch, Skellocks, Wild Kale – Gall, Wild Mustard, Yellow weed

(Woad – Wood – Galloway)

Shepherd’s PurseMother’s Heart

Cuckoo Flower – Carsons – S W Scot, Meadow Kerses (cresses) Dfs, Lady’s Smock - Dfs

Bladder Campion – Cowmack, Cow-cracker – Dfs

Red Campion - Cancer

Ragged Robin – Meadow Spink,

Chickweed – Chickenwort/weed

Greater Stitchwort – Starwort

Good King Henry – Smear Docken

Fat Hen – Meldweed

Common Mallow – Marsh Mallice

(?)Purging Flax – Fairy flax

Wood Sorrel – Cuckoo meat – SW Scot; Cuckoo sorrel – S Scot; Lady Cakes – Dfs; Lady’s clover

Sycamore –Plane; Whistle- wood (also Maple)

Holly – Hollin

Dyer’s Greenwood – Woadmesh & Woadwise - Gall

Petty Whin – Carlin-spurs, Cat-whin – Gall, Galloway Whin

Restharrow – Lady-whin; Wild Liquorice - Dfs

Melilot – King’s claver

Red Clover – Claver – Ayr, Plyvens, Soukie Soo, Suckbottles, Suckers

White Clover – Clavers – Ayr, Sheep’s Gowan

Birdsfoot Trefoil – Catcluke, Catten clover, Crow toes, Fell bloom

Tufted Vetch – Cat-peas

Bitter Vetch – Caperoiles, Knapperts, Napple

Meadowsweet – Lady of the Meadow – S Scot, Meaduart, Queen of the Meadow

Bramble (fruit) – Blackbides – Gall, Black Boyds – S Scot

Cloudberry – Kno(u)tberry; Nub-berry, Nub - Dfs

Raspberry – Hindberry, Rasp, Sivvens

Silverweed – Dog Tansy, Moorgrass, Moss-crop

Tormentil – Blood-root, Shepherd’s Knot

Lady’s Mantle – Dew-cup; Elf-shot – Gall

Parsley Piert – Parsley Breakstone

Dog Rose - Choops – Dfs, Ayr, Dog-hips

Burnet Rose – Soldier’s Buttons – Kbt,

Blackthorn – Sloe, Bullister

Bird Cherry – Hackberry – Dfs; Hagberry

Hawthorn – Haw – Dfs, Haw-tree – Ayr

Rowan – Roddin, Quicken

Crab Apple – Scrab

Orpine – Healing leaf, Orpy leaf

Yellow Stone-crop – Love-links

Houseleek – Fuets, Sengreen; Hockerie-topner – Dfs

Pennywort - (Umbilicus rupestris) – Jack-in-the-bush, Lover’s Links, Maid-in-the-mist,

Red Currant – Russles – Gall, Wineberry

Black Currant – Wineberry

Gooseberry – Groser, Groset, Honey-blob; Gruzel, Grizzle – Dfs

Sundew – Red Rot

Pennywort – (Hydrocotyle vulgaris) – Shilling Rot – Ayr

Cow Parsley – Deil’s meal

Alexanders – Alishinder

Pignut – Curluns – Gall; Gourlins, Hornecks, Arnut

Ground Elder – Bishop Weed

Hemlock Water Dropwort – Creesh – Dfs

Fennel – Finkle

Spignel – Badminnie, Micken, Muilcionn

Wild Angelica – Skytes

Hogweed – Buneweed, Bunnen, Cow-cakes,

Wild Carrot – Bird’s Nest, Curran- Petris

Sun Spurge – Kirn-staff – Ayr; Kirnstaff – Gall, Little Goodie

Bistort – Pencuir Kale – Ayr

Persicaria – Useless

Sorrel – Sourock

Bog Myrtle – Gale

Alder – Aller, Aar, Arn

Aspen – Quakin Ash

Goat Willow – Saugh

Bearberry – Rapper-dandy

Bilberry – Blaeberry, Brylocks,

Bell Heather – Cat Heather

Cranberry – Crane, Moss Mingin

Crowberry – Crawcroups

Cowslip – Lady’s Fingers

Primrose – May Spink

Privet – Privy Saugh

Bog Bean – Bog Nut; Threefold – Gall

Bindweed – Lap-love

Deadly Nightshade – Dwale; Jacob’s Ladder –Ayr

Woody Nightshade – Poison-berry

Mullein – Aaron’s Rod, Shepherd’s Club

Ivy-leaved Toadflax – Aaron’s Beard, Mother of Thousands, Wandering Sailor; Climbing Sailor – Dfs; Creeping Seefer – Gall

Figwort – Rose-noble – Gall; Stinking Roger – Ayr

Foxglove – Bloody Fingers, Deadman’s Bells, Foxter, Witch’s Thimble

Brooklime – Horse Well-cress, Water Purpie(le), Wellink

Germander Speedwell – Forget-me-not

Red Rattle – Cock’s Comb; Suckies – Ayr

Yellow Rattle – Clock, Dog’s Siller,

Butterwort – Thickening Grass – Ayr

Corn Mint – Lamb’s Tongue

Self-heal – London Bottles – Ayr

Marsh Woundwort – Swine’s Maskert, Maskert,

Ground Ivy – Grundavy

Great Plantain – Healing Blade, Rat’s Tails, Ripple-girs, Wabran-leaf; Waybread – Gall

Ribwort (grass) – Carl/Curl Doddy, Fechters, Kemps; Ribgrass - Gall

Giant Bellflower – Gowk’s Hose

Harebell – Blaver, Blawort, Bluebell, Lady’s Thimble, Old Man’s Bell, Thimble, Witch Bells

Sheep’s Bit – Blue Bonnets – Dfs

Woodruff – Woodrep

Lady’s Bedstraw – Keeslip, Lady’s Bed

Cleavers – Blood-tongue, Sticky Willie; Rabbir-Rinnie-Hedge –Ayr

Elder – Boun/Bour/Boon Tree

Field Scabious – Blue Bonnet

Devil’s Bit - Blue Bonnets; Curl-Doddy – S Scot

Ragwort – Ben/Bind/Bundweed, Bowlocks Stinking Weed, Weebo; Ragweed - Ayr

Coltsfoot – Dishilago, Son-afore-the-father; Tushy-Lucky Gowan – Dfs

Butterbur – Burn-blade – Gall

Daisy – Ewe-Gowan/Gollan; Bennergowan – Dfs; Curl-Doddy – SW Scot

Yarrow – Stanch-gris

Sneezewort – Hardhead – Ayr

Ox-eye Daisy – Horse Gowlan

Tansy – Weebo

Mugwort – Bowlocks, Bulwand, Gallwood, Mugger(t), Muggons

Burdock – Burdocken, Flapper-bags

Cornflower – Cuckoohood, Thimbles

Knapweed – Horse Knot

Nipplewort – Bolgan-leaves; Ballagan – Ayr

Sow Thistle – Swine Thistle

Dandelion – Doon-head Clock, Horse/Milk/Yellow Gowan, Piss-a-bed

Water Plantain – Deil’s Spoons

Bog Asphodel – Yellow Grass

Bluebell – Gowk’s Hose

Ramsons (Wild Garlic) - Ramps

Yellow Iris – Seggen, Sword-Grass, Water-Skegg

Early Purple Orchid – Bull’s Bag, Bull-Segg; Bog Hyacinth – Kbt

 

List compiled by me - Maggi Kaye