Glossary of some Scottish words

Glossary of some Scottish words

 

A’ - all

Abee - to let alone

Aboon, abune - above

Aboot - about; alternatively

Ae - one

Afore - before, ere

Aft - often

A’gates - everywhere

Agin - against

Ain - own

Airn - iron

Airt(h) - direction, quarter

Aisins, easins - eaves (space between wall head and rafters)

Ajee - aside, awry, ajar

Alane - alone

Alang - along

Alicht - alight

Amaist - almost

Amang - among

An - if

Ance - once

Ane - a single person or thing

Aneath - beneath, under

Anent - about

Ase, asse, alse - ashes

Atweel - indeed, certainly, of course

Atween - between

Aucht - to own; anything

Ava’ at all

Awa - away; contradiction

Ay - always

 

Backend - autumn

Back-gaen - not thriving

Baudrons - a cat (originally meant a hare)

Bawbee - a halfpenny

Beel, beal - to suppurate, fester

Begood - began

Begunk - to cheat

Bicker - wooden drinking bowl; move quickly, noisily; to quarrel

Bigg - to build, biggin - a building

Bield - a shelter; bold

Birse - bristle (with anger)

Blad - a sheet or leaf

Blinman’s baws - puff balls

Bluidy fingers - foxgloves

Bourtree - an elder

Bowte - a bolt, to play bowte to rebound

Brae - hill, slope, braeheid - hilltop

Brat - an apron, cloth

Braws - finery, braw - fine

Breek - to tuck in

Brose - unboiled porridge made by pouring boiling water on meal; kale brose - shredded kale boiled with oatmeal in stock

Bucht - sheepfold, to herd sheep

Bud, bude, bood - behoved, had to

Busk - to prepare, dress

But n’ ben - but -outer part - kitchen, ben - inner part - best room

 

Ca’ - call

Callant - a lad

Cannie - careful, cautious;

Cantie - comfortable, cheerful

Cap, cappie, caup - a wooden bowl for food and drink

Carlin - an old woman, witch

Caul - cold

Cazy, cassie - a straw creel

Chafer - a chafing dish; blacksmith’s tool

Chap - knock, tap

Champit - mashed

Chattle - nibble

Chessel - a cheese vat

Chiel - a fellow, child, servant

Clash - gossip, scandal; a large quantity; carried clash - hearsay

Cleekit - caught, hooked up

Cleek - to cheat

Cleugh - a gorge, chasm, cliff, narrow glen

Clout - to patch or mend; to beat; a cloth

Close - lane or passage

Clue - thread

Cog,- small wooden pail or bowl

Contramaxcious - perverse, self willed

Cottar - a cottages; a tied house

Coup - overturn, tip, fall

Couples, cupples, sloping rafters

Cow, cowe - turf; a branch; slip of wood

Craig - a rock, crag

Cubbie - a basket made of heather or straw

Cuddie - a small horse/pony

Cuff - the nape of the neck

Cuist - to cast, throw

Cunchie - curtsey

Cutty - short, small, young person

 

Daffin’ jaunty behaviour

Darg - a day’s work, a task

Dern - secret, hidden

Dicht - wipe clean, rub, sweep; to tell off

Ding - to knock or beat; defeat or overcome

Dirl - to cause to vibrate; a painful blow

Disjasket - in disrepair, depressed, weary

Donnert - scatterbrained

Douce - sober, modest

Doup - the buttocks, the end part of something

Dowie - sad, weary dispirited

Dree - to suspect, fear; to suffer, endure

Dreep - drip

Dreich - dull, dreary; tedious

Drooth - drought, thirst

Drumlie - cloudy, muddy, gloomy, sullen

Dwammy - faint

Dwyne - to dwindle, fade, waste away

Dulfu’ sorrowful

 

Een - eyes; evening; one

E’en - eyes

Enoo - now, just now, soon

Ether-stane - adder stone

Ettle - intend, plan, aim

 

Faid - sportsmen, sport

Fail - turf used for building dykes etc.

Fank - a sheep pen

Fankle - to entangle, muddle

Farrand - seeming

Fash - to trouble

Fauld - a pen, sheepfold

Feat - neatly made

Fell - very

Fendin’ a provision

Ferlie - a strange phenomenon; a fairy

Firsle - to rustle

Fit - foot

Flake, fluke - a fence, hurdle, gate

Fleg, fley - to frighten

Fleech, fleitch - to flatter, cajole

Flit - to move house, grazing etc.,

Flyte -to quarrel, scold

Forbye - besides; except

Forfochten - exhausted, worn out

Fremyt - strange

Fuss - to fetch

 

Gab - to mouth, to speak

Gabbit - concerning the mouth

Gaen - given; gone

Gar - to cause, make

Gate, gait, gaet - way, road; fashion; pace

Gaunt, gant - to yawn

Gilp - splash; to gilp - jerk

Gilpin - frolicsome youngster

Gin - if

Gled - kite (bird)

Gliff - a sudden fright or shock; glimpse, glance

Glower - scowl

Gowan - daisy

Gowk - cuckoo; simpleton

Gowpen - a handful

Greet - cry, weep

Gryse - a pig, piglet

Gude, Guid - good; large

Gude-man/wife - master/mistress of the house

Guddle - a mess; a person who makes a mess; to catch fish by hand

 

Haaf - half; open sea

Haar - foggy, raw

Hafflins - partly, nearly; a hafflin’ - a youngster

Hail - to pour

Hait - a very small quantity

Hantle - a considerable quantity

Hap - to cover, wrap

Happock -a small hump

Haud - hold

Haurn - to toast

Haver, haiver - to talk nonsense

Havermeal - oatmeal

Het - hot; hit

Hind - a servant

Hizzie - a hussy; a housewife

Holm - flat ground beside a river

Houlet, howlet, hoolet - and owl

Howd - to swing, bob up and down

Howdie - midwife

Howe - hollow; lowest part

Howk - dig, unearth

Hum - bad mood; bad odour

Hurcheon - hedgehog

 

Ilk, ilka - each, every; the same

Ingle - a fire burning in the hearth

Ither - other

 

Jabble - splash, spill over

Jag - prick, pierce, inject

Jalouse - suspect, imagine

Jaw - to pour, spill

Jink - a quick sudden movement, dodge

 

Kaim - comb

Keek - peep, glance

Ken - know

Kep - to catch

Kimmer - a gossip; witch

Kintra - country

Kirn - churn

Kist - a chest, trunk

Knoit - to knock

Kye - cattle

Knowe - a hillock, mound

 

Lade - a millrace

Lair - a place to lie down

Lave - the rest, what’s left

Lease - to release

Leugh - to laugh

Leuk - to see to something

Lick - smack

Linn - a waterfall, gorge, deep pool

Lintie - linnet

Lippen - to trust

Lish, lith - nimble

Loof, luif, lufe - the palm of the hand

Loon - lad

Loup, lowp - leap’ to throb

Louthe - abundance

Lowne, loune - calm

Luckie, Lucky -an old woman; a witch; a female innkeeper

Lug - ear

Lum - chimney

 

Mart - market; provision

Maun - must; mauna - must not

Mell - mallet

Mickle, muckle - large, many

Mim - prudish, prim

Mirk - darkness

Mool, moul - crumbled earth

Moolins - crumbs

Mun, maun - must

 

Na - not, no, none

Naigie, naig - pony

Neb - nose

Neist - next

Nieve - a hand, fist

Nocht - nothing

Nor - than

 

Oo’ - wool

Oorie - uncanny, gloomy

Or - before; until

Owre - over

 

Paddo, paddock - a frog; a toad

Park - an enclosed field

Pauky - witty, clever

Pech - to pant, deep breath

Pig - an earthen vessel, storage jar

Plouter, plitter - wade through mud or water, mess about with water

Pooch - pocket

Pook, pouk - to pluck

Poother - powder

Pow - head; a pool, creek

Pownie - pony

Preen - pin

Premeese - to suppose

Press - cupboard

Prie, pree - to taste

Prig - haggle, beseech

Puckle, pickle - a small amount

Put past - put away, save

Pyke, pike - to pick

Pyock - a poke or bag

 

Quha - who

Quhair - where; when

Quhen - when, as soon as

Quhile - while, until, a time

Quhilk - which, who, whoever

Quo’ - said

 

Raches - hounds

Randy - Aggressive, irrepressible

Rashes - rushes or reeds

Rax - reach out, stretch, strain

Ream - cream, froth

Reck - to matter

Redd - clean out, put in order

Reek - smoke

Riddle - course-mesh sieve

Rive - to split

Rock - distaff, spindle

Routh - plenty

Rug - to pull

Rump - to plunder

 

Sair - sore; very

Sark - a man’s shirt, a chemise, a nightdress

Saugh - a willow

Scaith - harm

Scale, skail - to spill, scatter

Scart - scratch, scrape

Scaud - scald; glimpse

Scraich, skraich - scream, shriek

Scrieve - to move, glide; written

Scunner - loathing, put off, recoil

Sheil - a shelter

Shoogle - to shake

Shoon - shoes

Siccar, sicker - sure, certain, safe

Skep - straw basket; straw beehive

Skirl - shrill sound, scream

Sma - small

Smee - smooth

Sonsie, sonsy - wholesome

Sook - to suck

Sowens - dust from oatmeal steeped and cooked

Snell - bitter cold, severe

Spaewife - A female fortune teller

Speer, speir - to ask

Stour - dust

Swarf, swerf - to faint

Sweir - reluctant, unwilling

Syne - then, since

 

Taen - taken

Taigle - hinder, tarry

Tent - guard, care

The - you

Thir - these

Thrang - very busy

Thrawn - twisted, cross-grained

Threep - urge, claim

Tine, tyne - to lose

Toom - empty

Tyke - a dog

 

Unco - strange, unusual

 

Wale - to choose

Want - to need, be without

Wat - know; promise; wet

Wear - to separate

Waur - worse

Wean - a child

Weel-faured - handsome

Wheen - a number, a few

Wheesht - hush, be quiet

Widdershins - the wrong way, back to front

Win - achieve; harvest; acquire

Won - to dwell; quarried

Woo’ - wool

Wyte - to blame

 

Yammer - to fret, cry, talk incessantly

Yell, yeld, eild - barren

Yill - ale

Yowe - ewe

Yowl - howl